The organisation created by government and industry to focus on key areas of UK capability in the global connected and self-driving vehicle sector has launched the world’s first self-driving roadmap.
Zenzic’s UK Connected and Automated Mobility Roadmap to 2030 is written to clearly show the connections, cross-sector interdependencies and collaboration required to get self-driving vehicles on Britain’s roads in significant numbers by 2030.
The roadmap is based on four key themes: Society and People, Vehicles, Infrastructure and Services. It also identifies six Golden Threads that show areas dependent on cross-industry collaboration and parallel developments to achieve the goal of self-driving services being accessible to the public by 2030.
Key insights from the roadmap include:
Collaboration is the key: If all the activity in the roadmap was scheduled sequentially with no parallel efforts, it would take until 2079 for the UK to benefit from self-driving vehicles on the roads. The unique and deliberate cooperation between industry, academia and government in the UK is the key to achieving the benefits of CAM.
Legislation and regulation changes are critical: Of the 500+ milestones in the roadmap, regulations, standards and legislation are the most critical enablers for the development, trialling and deployment of self-driving technologies and services. These include a consistent framework for the approval and licencing of self-driving vehicles, agreed safety standards, and the creation of a digital ‘Highway Code’.
Safety is a priority and vital for public acceptance: The majority of road incidents currently involve human error. By leveraging automation to remove humans from the task of driving, organisations harness the ability to vastly reduce the number of serious collisions. Additionally, the number one factor in achieving public acceptability is a clear and transparent approach to safety.
Societal outcomes must be at the centre of our planning: To date, a vehicle-centric focus has been adopted to progress self-driving technology. By thinking today about how technology and services will benefit society at large in 2030, the UK is better placed to unlock the full value of CAM. Through the sharing of data, self-driving vehicles will contribute to more efficient use of our roads, improve safety and offer more inclusive transport options to more people. This will benefit not only society but also the economy.
Cyber security is a major UK competitive advantage: With the UK at the forefront of cyber security technology, and half of the roadmap dependent on it, the country has an opportunity to leverage our homegrown solutions to progress CAM capabilities and lead the way globally.
2025 will mark the tipping point: The roadmap predicts 2025 will be the exciting moment the UK switches gears from trial and development of the technology to the scaling up of its deployment. After this point, thanks to advances in vehicle licencing, vehicle insurance and a tidal change in desirability in the public eye, we expect to see more commercial passenger services emerging.
The key Golden Threads identified by Zenzic for the launch are:
Legislation and Regulation – A key deliverable for this Thread is the establishment of a UK-wide approval process for high volumes of self-driving vehicles – a fundamental building block for the wider industry.
Safety – The biggest contributors to safety come from the necessary legal and regulatory changes. Further to this, a core component of vehicle safety will be the sharing of safety critical data vehicle-to-vehicle.
CAM Services – This Golden Thread leads to the development of Personal Mobility, Freight and Logistics services and Inclusive Transport, requiring a public education programme, business models and a UK-wide licencing framework.
Public Acceptability – The development of self-driving vehicles will be meaningless if society does not want to use them. This Golden Thread covers the Milestones that build trust with the public, ensuring they are comfortable and want to use CAM services.
Infrastructure – This is one of the most urgent Golden Threads. Within the next two years, cities and regions in the UK must start to create blueprints of how to adapt and integrate future CAM technologies and services.
Cyber Resilience – This Golden Thread has the most Milestones associated with it (291). The UK’s cyber expertise will be used to inform global best practice. For example, a goal must be to focus on resilience in the event of a cyber failure or threat rather than trying to build an unbreakable system.
Asked by SMART Highways, Paul Hutton about whether there is a business case for the technology, David Skipp from the UK Automotive Council said, “The business case isn’t yet proven, but it should come from the commercial sector where the business case sits at the top of the priorities. The roadmap brings a way for trials to come to roads with the right legal and insurance permissions and each time you do a trial you are getting another use case, so having a progressive road map helps us start to prove the business cases. Productivity will be the key and are we willing to invest in the potential safety benefits? We spend a lot of money on the infrastructure side on making roads and mobility safer and this could be spent on the business case.”
Zenzic CEO Daniel Ruiz added, “If you look at the complex system of systems, you need to have a holistic view to see the benefits and we believe there is therefore the case.”
Further addressing the launch event audience, Ruiz said, “Mobility is a massively diverse space, with private and public sectors, products and services and no single organisation can have all the skills required. There is potential for remarkable increases in safety and security but also inclusiveness from automated mobility. But there are big questions. Confidence and reduction of risk comes from understanding all the parts people play with common and complementary goals. We are agreeing the collective vision and the building blocks and interdependencies.
“I am very proud of the intense and highly collaborative effort by many individuals and organisations that has resulted in this first release of the UK Connected and Automated Mobility Roadmap to 2030. We are in a period of dramatic social and economic change. Transport is fundamental to the change as it delivers ‘mobility’; and mobility itself will soon be transformed by the new technologies associated with connectivity and automation, including ‘self-driving’. The exploitation of these technologies through innovative operating and business models can bring economic benefits in terms of local and national efficiencies, as well as exports of UK skills and products. We believe this tool is the competitive advantage we need to be a world leader in CAM. The roadmap will not only enable those involved to maximise the return on their investments in time and money, but also streamline the creation of targeted strategies to deliver significant social and economic benefits for the UK.”
Business Minister Nadhim Zahawi added, “The UK has a world-leading automotive sector and, through our work with industry, we are building on this exceptional reputation, earning our position at the forefront of the design and development of future vehicle technologies.” He praised the UK industry at the launch event saying, “Cross-industry collaboration isn’t the norm in other parts of the world. One USP of the country is the ability to bring people together.” He added, “The Roadmap published today shows how we can work together to meet the generational challenge posed by climate change and define the future of mobility. Autonomous vehicle technologies will revolutionise how we travel – reducing congestion and emissions, increasing accessibility and reducing accidents on our roads”.
Future of Transport Minister George Freeman commented, “UK leadership in connected and self-driving vehicles has the potential to transform our transport network and attract billions of investment to the UK. The UK is a global leader in the development and safe testing of this technology, thanks to collaboration between government, industry and academia. Zenzic’s roadmap is a fantastic example of the public and private sector working together to shape the future of connected and self-driving technologies – and demonstrate the UK as a world leading test-bed in 21stC Mobility.”
Andrew Hugill, Policy and Technical Affairs at the Chartered Institution of Highways and Transportation’s Director said, “CIHT has been clear the continued development of connected and autonomous vehicles has the potential to significantly improve road safety, reduce congestion and enhance the experience of car users and drivers.
“The roadmap pulls together all the activities around CAM in a way that hasn’t been seen before and will enable wider understanding and importantly, proper consideration of the challenges and hurdles to be overcome for the successful implementation and effective use by the wider population.”